# Undergraduate Syllabus Information

We mix traditional methods of teaching (eg lectures) with small group tutorials and innovative approaches such as PBL (Problem Based Learning), and Scenarios to demonstrate the application of knowledge and improve key skills commonly sought by employers.

- Lectures
- Attendance is compulsory and you can expect around 16 lectures per week. Courses usually comprise 24 lectures and 6 problem classes, but this varies for more practical courses such as computer programming and Engineering Design.
- Problem classes
- Problem classes are part of the lecture course, but give an opportunity to tackle problems relating to the course and to get help from the lecturer on any areas needing particular support.
- Tutorials
- These are held in small groups of around four or five students twice a week in the first year and once a week in the second year. Tutorials are both an opportunity to concentrate on specific issues covered by courses and a chance to talk about engineering in general, methods of problem solving, design, and key skills, such as giving presentations, preparing a CV for jobs etc.
- Laboratories
- Laboratories are an important part of the course, and in the first year they are grouped into the Engineering Design course. The labs are designed to link the other courses that you are taking and build the practical skills required by an Electronic Engineer.
- Scenarios
- In the first and second year a series of scenario weeks are used to develop problem solving and design skills. They are centred on a design brief which requiring groups to design and build a real electronic system.
- Homework
- Homework is an important part of the degree course, and should not be underestimated. Problem sheets are given out in lectures and, although often begun in problem classes and discussed in tutorials, are to be completed in your own time
- Assessment
- Assessment of courses is by a combination of written examinations, project work, coursework, design studies, computer programming assignments and laboratory experiments.
- Projects
- Projects are a significant part of the third and fourth year and are commonly inspired by academic staff’s own research or industry contacts. Students are also welcome to suggest their own ideas for projects, which can be based on their experience in industrial placements during the vacations.
- Professional Best Practice seminars
- These seminars complement the lecture courses and provide training in the skills that Engineers need to succeed in their degrees (providing guidance how to write project reports, assignments etc.), as well in employment.

All first year students on the MEng and BEng programmes take a single course, "Introductory Electronic and Electrical Engineering" (ELEC1011), which consists of eight modules. In order to pass the course, you must get an overall average over the eight elements of 40% or more, including at least 40% in at least six of the individual elements.

- Electronic Circuits
- An introduction to modern electronic circuit design and to the concepts and simple principles of active semiconducting devices (diodes, bipolar and FET transistors, and display devices), and a discussion of their use in a number of basic electronic circuits i.e. amplifiers (single device, differential and op-amp), voltage regulators and power supplies.
- Circuit Analysis
- This course provides a thorough coverage of the fundamental behaviour of electronic circuits. The course covers both AC and DC analysis of circuits, transients including RLC oscillators and the Cartesian and polar representation of voltage, current and impedance. The final part of the course considers transformers and three phase power circuits.
- Digital Electronics
- Most electronic systems are now digital, this course will introduce the concepts used in digital electronics, the theory of logic as used in digital circuits as well as the way in which real electronic devices are used to implement this logic. At the end of the course you will be able to: analyse simple digital circuits, designing simple digital circuits, deploy MSI circuits in the fabrication of digital circuits
- Electromagnetics
- This is the study of the way that electric and magnetic fields can be described and analysed, which is important for many electronic systems, including wireless transmission (used for mobile phones and other mobile electronics), radio, radar, optics, opto-electronics, (lasers, optical fibre and telecom systems) as well as to understand many electronic components. This course demonstrates the need for a description and analysis of electromagnetic fields for electronics and the extent to which an understanding of these is needed beyond the use of current and voltage in circuits and other electronic systems. It will allow students to formalize, in vector notation, the description of electric and magnetic fields and to have a physical insight into the use of Gauss's Law and Faraday's Law for analysing electronic devices
- Communication Systems I
- How do radio, mobile phone, TV, telephone systems work? This course teaches you about modulation and the way that the voice, pictures and other signals are coded so that they can be transmitted without all interfering with each other. Analogue, AM, FM and digital modulation as well as the basic concept of communications networks are covered in this course.
- Mathematics for Electronic Engineers I
- Mathematics is the language of Engineering. The maths needed for the rest of the degree courses are taught by a lecturer from the department to make sure that the maths is relevant to Electronic Engineering. This course aims to equip electronic engineering students with the basis of the mathematical techniques required by electronic engineers. The first part includes a revision basic mathematical functions and series, Complex numbers, Vectors & Matrices, Differentiation and integration, Differential equations. The second part consider mathematical tools for signal analysis, Fourier series, the response of a linear system to arbitrary inputs and Fourier and Laplace transforms.
- Object-Oriented Programming
- Engineers often use computers, not only to produce reports and spreadsheets, but also to programme them to control equipment, and to make calculations. This course provides a grounding in the fundamental elements of object-oriented programming in particular and programming in general - assuming no initial knowledge of the subject, you will acquire the ability to write programs using the Java language. The course consists of lectures and laboratory classes, in which students work through programming exercises on UNIX work stations
- Electronic Engineering Design Principles
- This course teaches some of the practical skills needed to become an Engineer and is wholly laboratory based. Lab work develops through the year and is linked to the other courses taken. This course also teaches other skills, such as presentations, and the use of MatLab. The course will cover working with electronic test equipment; constructing circuits; troubleshooting; MATLAB for modelling and analysis; basic error analysis; basic principles of design and estimation skills.

The course also includes Scenario weeks. You will be required to use topics from the first year curriculum to solve a real world problem in a group over the course of a dedicated week.

Taught By: | Prof P Bayvel, Dr C Liu |
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Assessment Weighting: | 20% coursework, 80% examination |

Taught By: | Dr E Romans, Dr R Killey |
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Assessment Weighting: | 20% coursework, 80% examination |

Taught By | Dr. R. Killey, Dr. B. Thomsen |
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Assessment Weighting: | 20% coursework, 80% examination |

Taught By: | Dr. S. Day |
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Assessment Weighting: | 20% coursework, 80% examination |

Taught By: | Prof. P. Brennan, Dr. J.Mitchell |
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Assessment Weighting: | 20% coursework, 80% examination |

Taught By: | Dr. S. Savory, Dr C. Renaud |
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Assessment Weighting: | 20% coursework, 80% examination |

Taught By: | Dr M Rio |
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Assessment Weighting: | 20% coursework, 80% examination |

Taught By: | Dr A. Kenyon, Dr A. Fernandez, Dr E. Romans, Dr B. Thomsen |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% coursework |

**Disclaimer:** Please note that these syllabuses are regularly reviewed and updated and we reserve the right to change the syllabus and program content from year to year as appropriate.

- Electronic Circuits II
- This course provides analysis of standard circuit configurations including feedback circuits and the design of advanced circuits such as operational-amplifiers. The course covers Full Hybrid-pi equivalent circuit and Transistor amplifier configurations design and analysis, Miller effect, high frequency and low frequency response, Coupling and bypass capacitors, FET amplifiers, Multistage amplifiers, Tuned amplifiers, Operational amplifiers, Power amplifiers, Oscillators. Also included are laboratory exercises to comparing SPICE simulations with experimental results.
- Circuit Analysis & Synthesis II
- This course introduces students to the fundamental tools for the analysis and design of electric circuits and digital filters. The course is taught in two parts: The first part is Analysis, which covers convolution for discrete time and continuous time systems, Fourier transforms, Laplace transforms, Fourier series, the discrete Fourier transform, the z-transform, Matrix form of Kirchoff's voltage and current laws, Network topology and Signal flow graphs.

The second part considers the Synthesis of circuits, discussing Passive Circuits (Strategy of filter design; system functions, Passive one-port networks; Cauer synthesis procedure. Passive two-port networks; prototype filters; Impedance scaling; frequency transformations; Transient response; Butterworth and Chebyshev approximations), Active circuits (Operational amplifiers; active two-terminal networks; impedance converters and inverters; active filters; second order sections. Sallen-Key circuit, universal active filter - RC biquad) and Digital filters (Recursive and non-recursive filters; aliasing; windows; digital transfer function, z-transform; design of non-recursive filters). - Optoelectronics
- This course provides an introduction to the interaction of optical signals with materials, and to optoelectronic devices and systems which are of great importance in today’s high speed data links. It covers the fundamentals of electro-magnetic wave interaction with materials and the physics of photon/wave models.

The course covers optical processes in dielectric, semiconducting and metallic materials, optical radiation sources, detectors and the principles of photodetection, te basic principles of planar and fibre waveguide operation and sub-systems such as transmitters, receivers and waveguides. Optoelectronic systems are considered for communications, storage display, sensing and signal processing as well as techniques such as the regeneration and detection of digital optical signals and the derivation of the bit-error probability. - Fields & Waves in Electronic Systems
- This course provides a fundamental understanding of electromagnetic waves and their properties in free space, transmission lines and waveguides so as to enable the analysis and design of high frequency electronic systems and components.

Analysis of lossless two-wire transmission line with distributed L and C; derivation of the wave equation; phase velocity, power flow, characteristic impedance; terminated lines, reflection coefficient, standing wave ratio, matching; calculation of input impedance; use of the Smith chart; effect of losses; dispersion. Electromagnetic theory of vector differential operators; Maxwell's equations in differential and integral form; Constitutive relations and Boundary conditions.

The Wave equation including plane wave propagation, waves in free space, conductive and dielectric media, polarization, phase and group velocity, Reflected waves; Poynting vector and power flow; Reflection of plane waves from dielectric interfaces. Guided wave propagation; Waveguide modes; TEM, TE, TM; Parallel plates - rectangular waveguide; Hollow pipe waveguide, TE and TM modes; Power flow, losses and attenuation; Rectangular waveguide. - Semiconductor Devices
- This course introduces the concepts of insulators, metals and semiconductors and goes on to develop an insight into band theory and carrier transport within semiconductors. N-type and p-type semiconductors are discussed and the electronic characteristics of p-n junctions considered. The formation of bipolar and field effect transistors is investigated with the physics of their operation and their strengths and weaknesses being emphasized. Silicon, as the dominant semiconductor in terms of commercial device production, is the principal material considered. The impact on shrinking dimensions within silicon transistor technology is considered, and the concept of nanotechnology introduced.
- Mathematics for Electronic Engineers II
- This course follows on from the first year Mathematics course, extending the range of topics covered and building upon those already met. The emphasis is again on material relevant to other undergraduate courses. The two courses together aim to provide a core of mathematical methods of relevance to all engineering and science students.

Topics covered include Statistics and probability, the Dirac Delta-function, Fourier transforms, Determinants and matrices, Partial differentiation and functions of many variables, Line and multiple integrals and Partial differential equations. - Digital Design
- To give students an introduction to the design consideration of large and complex digital systems. The course will cover Gate level minimization, Logic design with MSI components, Basic sequential logic, Registers and counters, Synchronous sequential circuits, Asynchronous sequential circuits, Memory and programmable logic, Digital Integrated Circuits and Interfacing Circuits including D/A and A/D converters.
- Object-Oriented Programming II
- To extend students' competence in object oriented programming, this course encompass those aspects critical to engineering simulation, network practice and data analysis. It aims to provide a grounding in the fundamentals of software engineering both to support programming and digital electronic needs and to encompass the relevant key skills aspects of electronic engineering as defined by the IET. The course begins with an introduction to software engineering and the role of high level languages in engineering. It revises Java classes, instantiation, polymorphism and inheritance before considering the programming techniques needed in simulation and data analysis.

Taught By: | Dr. A. Demosthenous, Prof A Nathan |
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Assessment Weighting: | 25% coursework, 75% examination |

Taught By: | Dr N. Panoiu, Dr C. Liu |
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Assessment Weighting: | 25% coursework, 75% examination |

Taught By: | Dr. K. Woodbridge, Prof. P. Bayvel |
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Assessment Weighting: | 25% coursework, 75% examination |

Taught By: | Dr S. Day, Dr A. Fernandez |
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Assessment Weighting: | 25% coursework, 75% examination |

Taught By: | Prof. R. Jackman, Prof. M. Pepper |
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Assessment Weighting: | 25% coursework, 75% examination |

Taught By: | Dr. N. Panoiu, Dr K. Tong |
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Assessment Weighting: | 25% coursework, 75% examination |

Taught By: | Dr. A. Demosthenous |
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Assessment Weighting: | 25% coursework, 75% examination |

Taught By: | Prof George Pavlou |
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Assessment Weighting: | 25% coursework, 75% examination |

**Disclaimer:** Please note that these syllabuses are regularly reviewed and updated and we reserve the right to change the syllabus and program content from year to year as appropriate.

In the third year, students are expected to complete an Individual Project (worth 1/4 of the total of the year) and a choice of six options. Options are dependent on the degree programme followed.

- Project I
- The aim of the third year project is to give the students an opportunity to learn skills and demonstrate capabilities for individual and independent work in an approximation to a realistic work situation. It has an emphasis on independence, the ability to plan and pursue the work for an extended period, to produce high quality reports on time and to present the work to an audience using appropriate visual aids.

The project must be passed on the first attempt if a degree accredited by the Institution of Electrical Engineers is to be awarded. If the project is failed on the first attempt then the degree title will be BEng in Engineering Studies - Power Electronics
- The course identifies the major classes of active devices deployed in power electronics systems, shows how the active device limits the performance of all power electronic systems and shows that the device performance specification is controlled by the material, design and construction. It considers ideal device models which are limited in applicability by the physics but enable simpler circuit design. An appreciation is given of the importance of the driving and protection circuits in enabling optimized circuits to perform reliably.

Topics from earlier courses (electronic circuits, phasor analysis, multi-phase systems, semiconductor devices and electrical machines) are built upon to gain an appreciation of the methods of analysis and design appropriate to converters and inverters, DC choppers and cyclo-converters and the main performance degradations in such systems (such as overlap). The course provides an introduction to and examples of the applications of power electronics devices in systems and an introduction to the application of these components to DC motor control and other applications. - Control Systems I
- The course provides rigorous analysis of control systems and thus links to the linear systems content in the second year circuit analysis course. Design of controllers is studied with the aim of ensuring students are familiar with the main families of controllers. Industrial implementation of control algorithms is considered. Nonlinearities in control systems are considered in order to enable students to deal with real-life applications. The course prepares students for industrial control engineering or for specialist MSc courses in control.
- Digital Signal Processing
- The emphasis of this course is on the physical principles of modern radar and communications systems and the signal processing techniques required for a range of applications. The course covers the motivation for DSP, a revision of transform methods, Sampled data systems, the DFT and FFT, analysis of random signals, an introduction to digital filters, FIR digital filter design, IIR Digital Filter Design, an introduction to multi-rate processing and adaptive filters and how all of these techniques are used in real-world applications
- Optoelectronics II
- This course aims to analyze key components of opto-electronic systems, to analyze complete opto-electronic systems and to prepare students for design work in opto-electronics and optical communications. The content starts with a review of optical absorption processes in semiconductors. It then looks in details at detectors, Junction photodiodes and Carrier recombination processes, Liquid crystal materials and devices, Lasers, Electro-optic modulators and optical amplifiers. It concludes by consider Bit error rate and signal-to-noise ratio in optical systems and the construction of Coherent optical systems
- Advanced Digital Design
- The course aims to introduce students to the basics of logic design, hardware description languages (HDL) and logic synthesis tools, and help them develop technical skills to design, simulate, analyse and verify complex digital circuits. It considers Digital Design Methodology including Integrated Circuit Design discuss a number of the tools required; Verilog Hardware Description Language, Logic Synthesis, Programmable Logic and Storage Devices and Test and Verification Methods
- Electronic Devices and Nanotechnology
- To provide greater depth and further insights into the fabrication, operational characteristics and underlying physics of electronic devices already introduced in first and second year courses. The course provides further study of electronic device materials, advanced device technology and advanced devices, and emerging device technologies such as Ge-Si as a device material; molecular electronics; wide band gap semiconductors; microsensors and smart sensors
- Numerical Methods
- Most mathematical problems in engineering and physics as well as in many other disciplines cannot be solved exactly (analytically) because of their complexity. They have to be tackled either by using analytical approximations, that is by choosing a simplified (and then only approximately correct) analytical formulation that can then be solved exactly, or by using numerical methods. In both cases, approximations are involved but this need not represent a disadvantage since in most practical cases, the parameters used in the mathematical model (the basic equations) will only be known approximately, by measurements or otherwise. This course considers a range of numerical methods used in the analysis of engineering systems. It covers the machine representation of numbers, root finding, interpolation and approximation, matrix computations, numerical differentiation and integration, solution of partial differential equations by finite differences, solution of boundary value problems and the Finite Element Method
- Electronic Circuits III
- The aim of this course is to further advance our understanding of the principles of operation of electronic circuits and their basic design procedures. The course concentrates on Analogue CMOS Integrated Circuits discussing in detail MOS Amplifiers and Current Mirrors and High Speed Techniques such as Frequency Synthesis, Phase-locked loops, and Intermodulation in RF circuits
- Modules available from other departments (dependent on stream)

Assessment Weighting: | 100% coursework |
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Taught By: | Dr. K. Woodbridge, Dr. K. Tong |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught By: | Dr. Y. Andreopoulos |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught By: | Dr. K. Tong, Dr. K. Wong |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught By: | Dr. H. Liu, Dr R. Killey, Dr S. Day |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught By: | Dr. Y. Yang |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught By: | Prof. R. Jackman, Dr. N. Curson |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught By: | Dr A. Fernandez |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught By: | Prof. P. Brennan, Dr. A. Kenyon |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Medical Physics |
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Physiological Monitoring |

Medical Electronics I |

Computer Science |

Software Engineering |

Communications & Networks |

Image Processing |

Medical Scientific Computing |

Management Science and innovation |

Corporate Finance |

Business in a Competitive Environment |

Organisational Change |

Project Management |

Physics |

Quantum Physics |

Atomic and Molecular Physics |

**Disclaimer:** Please note that these syllabuses are regularly reviewed and updated and we reserve the right to change the syllabus and program content from year to year as appropriate.

Students are expected to complete a group Project (worth 3/8 of the total of the year) and a choice of five options. Options are dependent on the degree programme followed.

- Project II
- The aim of the project is to provide advanced project experience by means of an industrially relevant project conducted by a team of students (3 or more). Project management and team work is assessed as well as technical achievement.
- Antennas and Propagation
- The antennas and propagation module aims to give a good grounding in a range of antenna and array designs, methods used for their measurement and the principles of radiowave propagation. The material is developed from fundamental principles and illustrated with numerous practical examples of working antenna and array systems.

Starting from basic antenna definitions of gain, directivity, efficiency, effective area and length, directional patterns and polarisation, it proceeds to consider a variety of types of radiating element. This is all grounded in a thorough study of antenna theory, covering Fourier transforms in antennas, displacement theorem, amplitude tapers and sidelobe levels, orthogonality, pattern synthesis, near and far field patterns and focussed apertures. It also considers factors affecting RF communication, studying propagation principles of atmospheric effects, fading types and statistics, propagation models in mobile communications. To conclude the course considers practical antenna applications including arrays and electronic beam control and digital beamforming (with a discussion of smart antenna systems in mobile application) - Optical Transmission and Networks – OTN
- This module provides the student with an understanding of optical transmission systems, including causes of signal impairment in transmission and techniques to reduce signal distortion. Particular emphasis is given to optically amplified and Wavelength Division Multiplexed transmission systems covering topics such as dispersion management, system resilience, SDH/SONET, add-drop multiplexing, digital cross-connects, wavelength routed optical networks (WRONs) and wavelength routing and allocation algorithms, wavelength conversion and dynamic wavelength switching.
- RF Circuits and Devices
- This module gives the student an understanding of RF circuits and system architectures, and covers RF transmitters and receivers, active and passive RF devices, RF circuit design techniques in MIC and MMIC form, RF amplifiers and amplifier linearization, and ultrafast opto-electronic driver and receiver circuits.
- Radar Systems
- The emphasis of this course is on physical principles, and on modern radar systems and signal processing techniques, for both civilian and defence applications. It considers a wide range of techniques used in radar systems including, the radar equation, noise, clutter and detection, displays, pulse doppler processing and STAP pulse compression and waveform design. The course also looks in detail at many real radar systems including synthetic aperture radar, tracking radar, avionics and radionavigation, phased array radar, electronic warfare, stealth and counter-stealth, bistatic radar and sonar. It concludes with system design examples.
- Satellite Communications
- This course starts with some fundamentals of satellite communication systems prior to a study of satellite channels characteristics. This includes link budgets, modulation schemes and multiple access types for fixed and mobile systems. Various specific systems and services are then discussed in detail including low, medium and geostationary orbit constellations for terrestrial, maritime and aeronautical use. This includes next generation broadband satellite systems for high bandwidth data and multi-media services. The course concludes with a brief review of satellite position finding systems such as Navstar GPS and Galileo.
- Nanotechnology in Healthcare
- This course covers the application of nanotechnology to both devices and instrumentation for the doctor-patient interface, the hospital environment and the medical research laboratory. The course includes descriptions and discussions of the underpinning techniques and aims to leave those attending the course with a good appreciation of the present state of the art, the future potential, the business context and the regulatory constraints.

The main areas covered in clude, Biosensors; present state of art and future potential, Underpinning Electronic and Optical Techniques, Underpinning Biological Techniques and the Hospital environment including applications of nanotechnology to Imaging, targeted drug delivery and Stem cell research. - Nanoelectronic Devices
- This course deals with electronic, optical, liquid crystal and magnetic devices in which the device dimensions (at the nanoscale) play the key role in dictating their functionality. Spintronic devices (including spin valves and MRAM devices), nanoscale semiconductor electronic devices (including CMOS at sub-15nm gate length, III-V and wide-bandgap devices), solid state devices for quantum computation (including Josephson junctions and quantum dots) and nanoscale photonic devices (including photonic bandgap materials) will also be covered. The basic properties of liquid crystals and their display and non-display applications will also be covered down to the nanoscale. The course will also discuss the way in which molecular properties of the organic materials are important in their use in current production and research level electronic devices.
- Modules available from other departments

Assessment Weighting: | 100% coursework |
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Taught By: | Prof. P. Brennan, Dr. K. Woodbridge |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught by: | Dr Robert Killey |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught by: | Dr Ed Romans |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught by: | Prof Hugh Griffiths |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught by: | Dr Karl Woodbridge |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught by: | Dr Michael Flanagan |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Taught by: | Dr Paul Warburton |
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Assessment Weighting: | 100% examination |

Medical Physics |
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Medical Electronics I |

Optics in Medicine |

Computer Science |

Machine Vision |

Network Performance |

Distributed Systems & Security |

Management Science and innovation |

The Marketing Process |

Law for Managers |

New Ventures |

Physics |

Molecular Physics |

Atomic and Molecular Physics |

**Disclaimer:** Please note that these syllabuses are regularly reviewed and updated and we reserve the right to change the syllabus and program content from year to year as appropriate.